People Places Events In History Terms Organizations
Home Invites Members Groups Events Careers Videos News Photos Blogs Polls Forums Chat
Home > Blogs > Post Content

Never forget,,,,The Destruction of Black Wall Street (1715 hits)

Greenwood, Oklahoma, a suburb of Tulsa, was the type of community that African Americans are still, today, attempting to reclaim and rebuild. It was modern, majestic, sophisticated and unapologetically Black. Tragically, it was also the site of one of the bloodiest and most horrendous race riots (and acts of terrorism) that the United States has ever experienced.
Today marks ninety-two years since as many as 300 African Americans lost their lives and more than 9,000 were left homeless when the small town was attacked, looted and literally burned to the ground beginning in 1921. It’s impossible, however, to realize what was lost in Greenwood, which was affectionately known as "Black Wall Street."
The Greenwood community seems almost imagined when we examine it through a historical lens. The oil booms of the early 1900’s had many moving to Tulsa for a shot at quick economic gains and high life, and African Americans hoped to prosper from the new industry as well. Tulsa, like many cities and towns throughout the US, was hostilely segregated, with African Americans settling into the northern region of the city. As we often saw before integration, Blacks in the area created entrepreneurial opportunities for themselves, which housed an impressive business center that included banks, hotels, cafes, clothiers, movie theaters, and contemporary homes. Greenwood residents enjoyed many luxuries that their White neighbors did not, including indoor plumbing and a remarkable school system that superiorly educated Black children.
It was pure envy, and a vow to put progressive, high achieving African Americans in their place that would cause the demise of the Black Mecca many called “Little Africa”, and its destruction began the way much terrorism, violence and dispossession against African Americans did during that era. A young White woman accused a young Black man of attempted s*xual assault, which gave local mobs and White men acting as police just cause to invade the unsuspecting community. On the malevolent and horrifying attack, Linda Christenson writes the following:
"The term “race riot” does not adequately describe the events of May 31—June 1, 1921 in Greenwood... In fact, the term itself implies that both blacks and whites might be equally to blame for the lawlessness and violence. The historical record documents a sustained and murderous assault on black lives and property. This assault was met by a brave but unsuccessful armed defense of their community by some black World War I veterans and others.
During the night and day of the riot, deputized whites killed more than 300 African Americans. They looted and burned to the ground 40 square blocks of 1,265 African American homes, including hospitals, schools, and churches, and destroyed 150 businesses. White deputies and members of the National Guard arrested and detained 6,000 black Tulsans who were released only upon being vouched for by a white employer or other white citizen. Nine thousand African Americans were left homeless and lived in tents well into the winter of 1921."
Recently, the mother of a Palestian activist friend of mine asked me why African Americans don’t fight harder for reparations. It was a difficult question to answer, but my most immediate response centered on the historical erasure of communities like Greenwood and the state-sponsored violence against African Americans that created its expiry. Even after slavery was abolished, any advancements towards the American dream, that Blacks paid most dearly to establish, was met with revulsion and terror, often from those whose legal obligation was to serve and protect. For that a debt is surely owed. Further, when we consider the deaths of those Black Tulsans and the inevitable property loss that followed, we again see one example of many that proves how wealth inequities and disparities became a part of the substance of this nation- inequities and disparities that must be considered before we go blaming Black youth for the catastrophes this nation has endorsed.
And as we consider what has become the new face of terror, we should never forget that Greenwood was bombed from the sky by White local and national law enforcement organizations.
To learn more about the attack on "Black Wall Street," check out Scott Ellsworth’s account here. Never forget.
Josie Pickens is a cultural critic and educator. Follow her musings on twitter: @jonubian


Read more at EBONY http://www.ebony.com/black-history/the-destruction-of-black-wall-street-405#ixzz2kW5yY9fg
Follow us: @EbonyMag on Twitter | EbonyMag on Facebook
Posted By: DAVID JOHNSON
Wednesday, November 13th 2013 at 5:27AM
You can also click here to view all posts by this author...

Report obscenity | post comment
Share |
Please Login To Post Comments...
Email:
Password:

 
More From This Author
THEY LIVED BEFORE ADAM: PRE-HISTORIC ORIGINS OF THE IGBO
We Must Kill God
Black woman ,,,I LOVE YOU
Odu Ifa: the ethical teachings
Metu Neter Vol.3 the key to miracles
THEY LIVED BEFORE ADAM: PRE-HISTORIC ORIGINS OF THE IGBO
YOU ARE INVITED TO DHWTYS LEARNING CENTER
incessant attempts to intellectualize the accomplishments of our ancestors,
Forward This Blog Entry!
Blogs Home
Employer Showcase
>> more | add
Latest Jobs
Head Coach Women's Lacrosse with Massachusetts Institute of Technology DAPER in Cambridge, MA.
Production Engineer- Broadcast/Production Systems/Events - IMT with Azusa Pacific University in Azusa, CA.
Manager HR/Benefits with Collin College in McKinney, TX.
Assistant Director of Athletics for Business Administration with Missouri State University in Springfield, MO.
Programmer/Analyst II with Motlow State Community College in Lynchburg , TN.
>> more | add
Latest Member Activity
nicole mcgee just became a new member. 01:37PM
gregory boulware, esq. just commented on a blog entitled '“the land of oz and the land of babel” '. 09:35PM
jamal mathis just became a new member. 06:04PM
gregory boulware, esq. just posted a blog entitled '~ "juneteenth-2016 in philly!" ~'. 01:26PM
gregory boulware, esq. just posted a blog entitled '~ “not one word of sympathy from lips spewing hate!” ~'. 04:49PM
mercy audu just became a new member. 09:49AM
colin lewis just became a new member. 01:26AM
gregory boulware, esq. just posted a blog entitled '~ ‘winnsboro’ ~'. 09:23PM
gregory boulware, esq. just commented on a blog entitled '~"plagiarism - a stolen article!"~'. 06:42PM
barbara robinson just posted a blog entitled 'the greatest muhammad ali '. 03:24PM
gregory boulware, esq. just commented on a blog entitled '~ "a more diversified university" ~'. 08:13PM
gregory boulware, esq. just posted a blog entitled '~ "a more diversified university" ~'. 08:11PM
>> more | invite friends